Luxembourg is a small country in Western Europe, landlocked by Belgium, France, and Germany. Covering an area of just 2,586 square kilometers (998 sq mi) Luxembourg is the smallest sovereign country in Europe.
Luxembourg is home to about 630,000 people and its capital is Luxembourg City. The country has three official languages: French, German, and Luxembourgish. Luxembourg is one of the richest countries in the world.
Luxembourg is often called “the world’s only grand duchy” because it’s ruled by the grand duke or archduke who lives in Luxembourg City.
Luxembourg is a great place to visit for its natural beauty, beautiful landscapes, castles, and rich history. It also offers many different activities from hiking to skiing.
The country also has an excellent public transportation system which makes it easy to explore the whole country on foot or by bike.
Although Luxembourg is a small country, it is full of beautiful sights and things to do. In this article, we list the top 10 things to do in Luxembourg.
Top 10 things to do in Luxembourg
1. Enjoy the views from the Walls of the Corniche, Luxembourg City
Walls of the Corniche (Chemin de la Corniche), dubbed “Europe’s most beautiful balcony”, is a walking path built into the side of the mountain offering panoramic views of the city.
The path overlooks and offers scenic views of the Alzette Valley with Alzette River and the picturesque part of town known as the Grund.
It’s worth visiting this promenade both during the day and at night as both times give a unique experience.
2. Strall around the Grund, Luxembourg City
The Grund (Luxembourgish: Gronn) is picturesque and one of the oldest parts of Luxembourg City. It is situated in the steep valley on the banks of the Alzette River.
A characteristic building in the Grund district is Neumünster Abbey, currently a cultural center and a meeting place.
Stroll through the Grund for charming architecture, relaxing greenery, and breathtaking views.
3. Visit Notre Dame Cathedral, Luxembourg City
Notre Dame Cathedral is an impressive building that can be deemed a landmark of Luxembourg City. It is the Roman Catholic Cathedral which originally used to be a Jesuit church. It’s the only cathedral in Luxemburg.
The cathedral is beautiful both from the outside as well as inside. The monument has primarily a gothic design with a few renaissance elements.
4. Explore Casemates du Bock, Luxembourg City
Casemates du Bock is Luxembourg’s old quarters and fortifications, located in the district Bock of Luxembourg City.
The fortification is 23 km long and is a UNESCO World Heritage. The underground tunnels and galleries are carved out of rock and are a must-see when you visit Luxembourg.
5. Go over the Adolphe Bridge, Luxembourg City
The Adolphe Bridge is a pedestrian, double-decked arch bridge that crosses the Alzette River in Luxembourg City.
The bridge is one of the most iconic symbols of Luxembourg City and one of its landmarks. The bridge offers great views of the Petrusse Park situated underneath.
6. Visit Grand Ducal Palace, Luxembourg City
The Grand Ducal Palace is the official residence of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. It is located in the City Center, in Luxembourg-Ville.
The impressive building was first built in 1572 and for the first 20 years served as a Luxembourg city hall.
The interior of the palace is open for visiting only in the summer months. In winter you can only admire the magnificent building from the outside.
7. Visit the National Museum of Art and History, Luxembourg City
The National Museum of Art and History, located in the center of Luxembourg City, is a great place for tourists who want to learn about the history of the country.
The museum houses a variety of exhibits that range from ancient artifacts to modern art. Visiting this museum will allow you to explore art from different periods as well as see some fascinating artifacts from ancient civilizations.
The museum also hosts various events, such as lectures, workshops, and concerts.
8. See the Vianden Castle
Vianden Castle is a medieval castle, located in Vianden (one hour north of Luxembourg by car), on the banks of the Our river.
The site was first fortified by an earthen rampart and wooden palisade, but these fortifications were replaced by a stone wall with square towers and three gates in the 13th century.
Vianden Castle was originally built as a fortress to defend against invading forces from France but it soon became a luxurious residence for the noble family who lived there. Today, it is open to visitors who can explore its rooms and hallways while admiring its architecture.
9. Hike through the Mullerthal Trail
The Mullerthal Trail is a 112 km trail in the Mullerthal Region, northern Luxembourg. The trail is dubbed ‘Luxembourg’s Little Switzerland’.
You will find many different kinds of landscapes on this trail: the river Sûre, forests, fields, vineyards, and narrow passages with stone walls on both sides. You will also have the opportunity to visit many castles along the way.
The trail gives the opportunity to choose different paths depending on one’s fitness level and experience.
10. See the Abbey of Echternach
The Abbey of Echternach is a Benedictine abbey in the commune of Echternach in eastern Luxembourg, near the German border.
The Abbey of Echternach was founded by Irish missionary Saint Willibrord, an Anglo-Saxon missionary.
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